1st Grade

First Grade

During First grade, your child will become more independent. They know how to interact with their classmates and also with their teachers. It is also the year when you can really monitor the progress of your child’s reading and writing ability.

Language Arts

In this course, students get structured lessons on reading skills, language skills, and literature to help develop comprehension, build vocabulary, and promote a lifelong interest in reading.


The program builds decoding skills and helps students become confident, independent readers. Handwriting focuses on careful practice at a pace that matches your student’s development of fine motor skills.

Language Skills

  • Composition—Students’ progress from writing words and sentences to writing a paragraph
  • Grammar, Usage, and Mechanics—Students learn basic rules of usage, as well as sentence structure and types, parts of speech, punctuation, and capitalization
  • Primary Analogies—Students develop test-taking and critical thinking skills as they connect words and ideas
  • Public Speaking—Reciting a poem or reading a literary passage helps students learn to address a group confidently


Literature lessons focus on classic folktales, fairy tales, fables, and poetry, such as “The Elves and the Shoemaker,” “The Lion and the Mouse,” and “The Tortoise and the Hare.” Read-aloud and guided reading lessons help students apply and extend the skills introduced in Phonics. This research-based course focuses on computational fluency, conceptual understanding, and problem-solving. The engaging course features new graphics, learning tools, and games; adaptive activities that help struggling students master concepts and skills before moving on. This course for students in Grade 1 extends their work with place value to numbers through 100, emphasizing fluency of addition and subtraction facts, and focusing on number sentences and problem solving with addition and subtraction. Students begin work with money, telling time, ordering events, and measuring length, weight, and capacity with non-standard units. Students identify attributes of geometric figures and also extend their work with patterns and data, including representing and comparing data.


Students learn to perform experiments and record observations, and understand how scientists see the natural world. They germinate seeds to observe plant growth, and make a weathervane. Students will explore topics such as:
  • Matter—states of matter; mixtures and solutions
  • Weather—cloud formation; the water cycle
  • Animal Classification and Adaptation—insects; amphibians and reptiles; birds; mammal
  • Habitats—forests, deserts, rain forests, grasslands, and more; naturalist John Muir and conservation
  • Oceans—waves and currents; coasts; coral reefs and kelp forests; oceanographer Jacques Cousteaun
  • Plants—germination, functions of roots, stems, flowers, chlorophyll, and more
  • Human Body—major systems; Elizabeth Blackwell, the first woman doctor